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Architectural Working Phases

Some individuals interested in utilizing architectural services are still perplexed about how architects work, the process and stages involved, and what products they will receive when considering an architect's services. Achieving a building that aligns with the vision and needs of clients requires a thorough process conducted in several stages. This phase is particularly crucial as it pertains to the payments that clients must make to the architect. The following outlines the stages of work when considering the services of an architect.


Stage 1: Introduction

Before commencing the design process, architects need information and data from clients related to their needs and development requirements. Architects explore the client's vision, goals, and expectations for the project. This stage allows clients to discuss their needs and expectations for the project in greater depth, including limitations and capabilities related to costs and the development process. This initial stage is crucial as the beginning of all future processes.


Stage 2: Design Concept

Based on information and data from the previous stage, the architect conducts design preparations, including examining all data and information received, making analyses, and processing data. This results in:

  • Programming: Prepared based on the processing of primary and secondary data and other information to achieve the project objectives and constraints of applicable development requirements/conditions.

  • Design Concept: The fundamental thought and considerations across all related fields that underlie the realization of design ideas, accommodating all aspects, needs, goals, costs, and project constraints.


Stage 3: Pre-Design/Schematic Design

At this stage, the architect will develop macro design concepts such as architectural patterns and compositions, estimated floor area, circulation, information on the use of materials, construction systems, costs, and construction implementation time. These are realized in forms of drawings, diagrams, and written reports, serving as a basis for further design.

Architect's Work Stages
Stages of architect's work. Image by Adityuwana

Stage 4: Design Development

During this phase, the architect delves into the micro concept of the project, providing clients with a clear depiction of the future character of the building. This includes aspects such as room layout, the building's shape and appearance, construction systems and structures, mechanical-electrical systems, and the selection of building materials. Attention is given to factors like the materials' utility value, availability, construction and economic viability, along with construction cost estimates. All these details are presented through drawings, system diagrams, and comprehensive written reports.


Stage 5: Constructions Document

The design concept established in the Design Development phase is translated by the architect into detailed technical descriptions and drawings. These documents serve to elucidate the construction process, facilitating implementation and supervision. The architect provides precise Detailed Engineering Drawing (DED) or construction drawing set, materials specifications, and construction engineering requirements, along with clear, comprehensive calculations of work quantity and construction costs.


Stage 6: Bidding

During the bidding phase in the architectural working process, several essential documents need to be prepared. These documents aim to provide comprehensive information to potential contractors bidding for the construction project. Common documents include:

  • Technical Specifications: Detailed technical specifications provide information on the materials, workmanship, and standards expected for the project.

  • Drawings: Detailed drawings, including architectural, structural, mechanical, and electrical drawings, offer a visual representation of the project and guide contractors in understanding the design intent.

  • Bill of Quantities (BoQ): A detailed list of all the materials and quantities required for the project, assisting bidders in preparing accurate cost estimates.

It’s important to note that the specific documents may vary based on the project’s complexity, size, and the preferences of the architect or the entity overseeing the bidding process.


Stage 7: Periodic Supervision

In this phase, the architect conducts systematic field reviews and supervision at regular intervals throughout the construction process. This meticulous oversight is undertaken to guarantee strict adherence to the architect’s plans. During this phase, collaborative efforts with clients are emphasized to formulate policies and offer considerations, facilitating well-informed decisions during construction. This collaboration is especially crucial in addressing issues intricately linked to the architect’s designs, ensuring the realization of the intended architectural vision.


In essence, these are the stages of an architect's work. It is important to note that these stages may vary among architects or service providers. The architectural design process is an engaging and stimulating journey for both clients and architects, encompassing various elements such as idea exploration, sketches, drawings, computer models, and material exploration.


Source: IAI Bali


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